Best 13 how to flush toilet

Below is the best information and knowledge about how to flush toilet compiled and compiled by the team, along with other related topics such as:: how to flush toilet with handle, how to flush toilet bowl, how to flush a toilet – wikihow, how to flush toilet with sensor, how to flush toilet with broken chain, how to flush a toilet for dummies, how to flush toilet stuck, how to flush toilet without water.

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The most popular articles about how to flush toilet

How To Flush The Toilet When The Water Is Off – Moe …

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  • Summary: Articles about How To Flush The Toilet When The Water Is Off – Moe … How To Flush A Toilet Without Running Water · Use a bucket of water (or two) to flush the toilet. · Pour slowly in the beginning, then quickly …

  • Match the search results: A functioning toilet is something we often take for granted until an emergency occurs. When your home’s water is turned off due to a plumbing issue or the municipal supply has been temporarily shut off in order to end to plumbing repairs, it can result in an embarrassing situation for someone …

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Flush toilet – Wikipedia

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  • Summary: Articles about Flush toilet – Wikipedia The bowl has a large opening at the top which tapers down to a water trap at the base. It is flushed from the top by water discharged through a flushing rim or …

  • Match the search results: A flush toilet (also known as a flushing toilet, water closet (WC) – see also toilet names) is a toilet that disposes of human waste (principally urine and feces) by using the force of water to flush it through a drainpipe to another location for treatment, either nearby or at a communal facility, t…

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2 Ways to Flush a Toilet Without Running Water – Pioneer …

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  • Summary: Articles about 2 Ways to Flush a Toilet Without Running Water – Pioneer … Fill up a bucket with at least one gallon of water. To “flush,” begin pouring the water into your toilet bowl. Start slowly, and then quickly …

  • Match the search results: Fill up a bucket with at least one gallon of water. To “flush,” begin pouring the water into your toilet bowl. Start slowly, and then quickly empty the rest of the water into the toilet bowl. Repeat these steps as needed.

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How to Flush the Toilet When the Water is Off – Benjamin …

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  • Summary: Articles about How to Flush the Toilet When the Water is Off – Benjamin … Modern indoor plumbing is a necessity for the health and sanitation of nearly every American household. And for many families, the bathroom toilet plumbing …

  • Match the search results: Modern indoor plumbing is a necessity for the health and sanitation of nearly every American household. And for many families, the bathroom toilet plumbing works perfectly 99 percent of the time, performing its essential function with a simple pull of the handle. However, when the water supply gets …

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Water shut off? Here’s how to flush your toilet | WTOP News

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  • Summary: Articles about Water shut off? Here’s how to flush your toilet | WTOP News Flush your toilet with a bucket of water. It requires a gallon of water, poured directly into the toilet bowl. Start slowly at first, …

  • Match the search results: Need help accessing the FCC Public File due to a disability? Please contact Susan Rushkowski at [email protected] or (202) 895-5027.

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How‌ ‌to‌ ‌Flush‌ ‌a‌ ‌Toilet‌ ‌Without‌ ‌Running‌ ‌Water‌ – EZ Flow …

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  • Summary: Articles about How‌ ‌to‌ ‌Flush‌ ‌a‌ ‌Toilet‌ ‌Without‌ ‌Running‌ ‌Water‌ – EZ Flow … Flushing a Toilet When the Water Is Shut Off. As long as the toilet bowl is full, you should have enough water for one more flush–but what …

  • Match the search results: Collect the water in a large bucket that you will be able to lift and pour. Once you’re ready to flush, pour the water into the toilet bowl slowly at first before quickly dumping the rest of the water into the bowl. This will create pressure that pushes the contents of the toilet bowl through …

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Single-Flush vs. Dual-Flush Toilets | Mattioni Plumbing

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  • Summary: Articles about Single-Flush vs. Dual-Flush Toilets | Mattioni Plumbing Single-flush toilets are the most common type of toilet found in older homes and buildings. They have only one flush mechanism — meaning that …

  • Match the search results: Single-flush toilets are the most common type of toilet found in older homes and buildings. They have only one flush mechanism — meaning that all types of waste are flushed with the same amount of water, sometimes as much as 5 gallons. Dual-flush toilets, on the other hand, have two flush mechanisms…

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How to Fix a Toilet That Won’t Flush | Living by HomeServe

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  • Summary: Articles about How to Fix a Toilet That Won’t Flush | Living by HomeServe Fixing a flushing mechanism · Take the lid off the toilet cistern. · Turn off the isolation valve to shut off the water. · Drain the water tank.

  • Match the search results: There’s nothing worse than finding out your toilet won’t flush; especially if it’s the only toilet in the house. This common plumbing problem can happen to most toilets at some point. But luckily, there are simple solutions you can do yourself to get the toilet working again.

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Here’s what to do when the toilet flusher won’t flush – Today …

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  • Summary: Articles about Here’s what to do when the toilet flusher won’t flush – Today … Rooter in Baltimore, is more than happy to share a few DIY plumbing tips. Today’s awkward plumbing situation: toilet flushers that don’t flush.

  • Match the search results: The most common cause for this problem, and the one that’s easiest to fix, is a poorly seated flapper, aka a running toilet. The flapper is that part of the toilet tank that opens to let water flow into the toilet bowl, and then flaps down over the opening to allow the tank to refill. It’s located a…

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Wikijunior:How Things Work/Flush Toilet – Wikibooks

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  • Summary: Articles about Wikijunior:How Things Work/Flush Toilet – Wikibooks A flush toilet … That’s ok! For years, people have been making things complicated, but we’re here to answer the question, how do flush toilets work?

  • Match the search results: Flush toilets were first used in parts of India and Pakistan about 2,700 years ago. The cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-daro had a flush toilet in almost every house, attached to a sophisticated sewage system. Remains of sewage systems have been found in the houses of the Minoan cities of Crete and

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How to Flush a Toilet Using a Bucket of Water – Home Guides

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  • Summary: Articles about How to Flush a Toilet Using a Bucket of Water – Home Guides During the interruption in service you can flush your toilet manually with a bucket and a gallon of water. 1. Lift the toilet seat and lid and rest them back …

  • Match the search results: Lift the toilet seat and lid and rest them back against the front of the toilet’s tank. This will give you a larger opening in which to pour the water.

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One Flush Doesn’t Do The Trick? Ways To Improve Toilet …

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  • Summary: Articles about One Flush Doesn’t Do The Trick? Ways To Improve Toilet … First, open the lid of your toilet tank. If there is a rubber fill hose on top of the overflow tube, carefully remove the fill hose. Use a funnel and place it …

  • Match the search results: Step #4: Clean out your toilet using bleach. Before you do this, make sure to turn off your toilet’s water tank supply. A tube coming out from either the wall or the floor should contain the water supply valve. Turn the knob of the valve to the right to completely shut off the water. Next, pour a ga…

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How to fix a weak or incomplete toilet flush – Fluidmaster

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  • Summary: Articles about How to fix a weak or incomplete toilet flush – Fluidmaster Toilets that have been in use for some time can develop a lazy or weak flush. Fluidmaster shows you how to fix this problem.

  • Match the search results: Toilets that have been in use for some time can develop a lazy or weak flush. It is quite common for minerals such as calcium and lime, along with debris particles such as rust to build up in the rim feed and jet holes of the toilet bowl. Over time, these deposits restrict and block water from flowi…

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Multi-read content how to flush toilet

Bathroom)Public toilet

Close coupled cistern type flushing toilet.

Porcelain squat toilet, with water tank for flushing (Wuhan, China)

squatwater reservoirWuhan, China



Aflush(also calledflush,toilet(Bathroom) – See moretoilet name) Is abathroomthis handlehuman waste(mainly urine and feces) using the force of water toflushit goes through a drain to another place for processing,recentlyor to amunicipal establishment, thus maintaining the separation between people and their waste. Flush toilets can be designed for sitting (in this case they are also called “Western” toilets) or for squatting, in the case ofsquat toilet. Most modern wastewater treatment systems are also designed for purpose-built treatmenttoilet paper. The opposite of a flush toilet is adry toilets, do not use water to rinse.

Flush toilets are a typefixed water pipeand often incorporate an “S”, “U”, “J” or “P” shaped bend calledwrapcauses water to accumulate in the toilet bowl to trap waste and act as a seal against harmful substancesdrainage gas. Most flush toilets are connected to asewerwaste transfer system to awater treatment plant; when not available, aseptic tankor an organic composting system can be used. When a toilet is flushed,Wastesink into aseptic tank, or sent to a sewage treatment plant.[3]

The linked devices areurinal, elimination of male urine, andbidet, use water to wash the anus, perineum and genitals after going to the toilet.

  • 1 activity
  • 1.1 Mechanical emptying of the storage tank
    1.2 Mechanical relief of high pressure water supply
    1.3 Manual flush (hunting)
    1.4 Vacuum toilets
  • 2 exhaust systems
  • 2.1 Emptying the tank

    2.1.1 Tank filling valve
    2.1.2 Drain valve or relief valve
    2.1.3 Siphon relief mechanism
    2.1.4 High pressure or overpressure storage tank
    2.1.5 Bucket valve

    2.2 Tankless type with high pressure valve (flushometer)

  • 3-bowl design
  • 3.1 Octave sound

    3.1.1 Siphon toilet with one siphon
    3.1.2 Double siphon siphonic toilet

    3.2 Non-siphonic bowl

    3.2.1 Down-flush toilets
    3.2.2 Washed toilets
    3.2.3 Squat toilets

    3.3 Valve cabinet

  • 4 Low-flow, high-efficiency flush toilets
  • 4.1 American standards for new toilets
  • 5 Care and cleaning
  • 5.1 bulk
    5.2 Vaporizer
  • 6 History
  • 6.1 Modern flush toilet system
    6.2 Development of modern flush toilets
    6.3 Industrial output
    6.4 Disseminate and further develop
  • 7 Manufacturing
  • 8 Country of use
  • 8.1 Discharge with sources of non-potable water
  • 9 Etymology
  • 9.1 WC
  • 10 Society and culture
  • 10.1 Swirl direction legend
    10.2 Be polite
  • 11 See more
  • 12 references
  • 13 external links

To work[Editor]

A typical flush toilet is a fixed glass toiletceramicThe bowl (also known as the pan) is connected to the drain. After use, the bowl is emptied and cleaned with a rapid flow of water into the bowl. This rinse water can flow from a dedicated tank (storage tank), a high pressure water line controlled by a drain valve, or by manually filling the bowl with water. Normally the valves are operated by the user, by pressing a button, pressing the handle, pulling the lever or pulling the chain. Water is directed around the bowl by a molded drainage rim around the mouth of the bowl or through one or more nozzles, so that the entire interior surface of the bowl is covered with water.

Mechanical dumping of the storage tank[Editor]

A typical toilet has a fixed tank above the bowl that holds a fixed amount of water and two fixtures. The first device allows some of the contents of the tank (usually in the range of 3 to 6 liters; about ¾ to 1½ gallons) to be quickly flushed down the toilet, causing the contents of the tank to be flushed or sucked up. toilet. . and in the drain, when the user activates the evacuation. The second device automatically allows water to enter the sump until the water level is suitable for a flush.

Water can be flushed through a “flush valve” (not to be confused with a typeliterary essay), or through asiphon. Afloatinggenerally controls the loading device.

Mechanical relief of high pressure water supply[Editor]

Tankless toilets are usually flushed by a simple flush valve or “flow meter” connected directly to the water supply. They are designed to quickly release a limited amount of water when a lever or button is pressed and released.

Manual flush (flush)[Editor]

The toilets do not need to be connected to the water supply, but can be flushed with water.[4]These flush toilets have no tank or fixed water supply, but are flushed by pouring a few liters of water from a container. The flush can use as little as 2 to 3 liters (½ to ¾ gallon).[4]This type of toilet is popular in many Asian countries. The toilet bowl can be connected to one or two pits, in which case it is called a “flush”.bathroom” or “Dual Flush Toilet”. It can also be connected toseptic tank.


A vacuum toilet is a flush toilet connected to avacuum emptying systemand remove waste by suction. They may use very little water (less than a quarter liter per flush) or none at all.[5](a sinwaterless urinal). Some wash with a colored disinfectant instead of water.[citation needed]They can be used to separateblack waterandgray waterand treat them separately[citation needed](for example, fairly dry black water can be used to produce biogas, orcompost toilet).

Passenger ship toilets,airplane toilet, bus toilets, ships often use vacuum toilets. Low water consumption saves weight and prevents water from running out of moving toilets.[6]On board the vehicles, a mobile collection chamber is used; if it is filled by overpressure from an intermediate vacuum chamber, it is not necessary to keep it under vacuum.[citation needed]

Exhaust system[Editor]

The flushing system provides a large flow of water into the bowl. They usually come in the form of a fixed water tank or a drain valve.

Emptying the tank[Editor]

Drain or sump tanks usually incorporate a mechanism to drain water from the tank and an automatic valve to allow automatic filling of the tank.

This system is suitable for locations .frac {whitespace: nowrap} .mw-parser-output .frac .num, .mw-parser-output .frac .den {font-size: 80%; row height: 0; vertical-align: super} .mw-parser-output .frac .den {vertical-align: sub} .mw-parser-output .sr-only {border: 0; snippet: live(0,0,0,0); height: 1px; margin: -1px; hidden overflow; padding: 0; Absolute position; Width: 1px}1⁄2inches (13 mm) or3⁄89.5mm (inch) pipes cannot deliver water fast enough to flush the toilet; Storage tanks are needed to supply a large volume of water in a short time. The tanks typically collect 6–17 liters (1.3 and 3.7 imp gal; 1.6 and 4.5 US gal) of water over a period of time. In modern installations, the sump is usually mounted just above and behind the bowl.

Older installations, known as “tall suits”, used a tall tank (storage tank), mounted above head height, actuated bypull chainconnected to a dump lever on the tank. When more modern tank and bowl combinations were first introduced, they were first referred to as “low setting combinations”. Modern versions have a neater lower level tank with a lever directly accessible to the user, or an even lower mounted sump fixed directly to the bowl. Over the past several decades, the one-piece tub/bowl combination has become the most popular residential system, as ceramic engineers have discovered that improving the design of the water pipe is a more effective way to improve the bowl flushing action compared to installing a large bathtub.

Tank filling valve[Editor]

Fill the tankvalvefound in all tank-style toilets. The valves are available in two main designs: the side float design and the concentric float design. Side float designs have been around for over a hundred years. The concentric design has only been around since 1957, but is gradually becoming more popular than the side float design.

The side float design uses a float at the end of the lever to control the intake valve. The float is usually shaped like a ball, so the mechanism is often referred to as a ball valve or globe (cock in this context is an alternate term for valve; see, for example,faucet lock). The float was originally made of sheet copper, but now it is usually plastic. The float is disposed on one side of the main valve tower or inlet at the end of the connecting rod or swingarm. As the float rises, the swingarm also rises. The arm connected to the inlet valve blocks the flow of water into the toilet and shuts off the water when the float reaches the set height. This maintains a constant level in the reservoir.

Concentric Float Valve

Newer concentric float inlet valves consist of a tower surrounded by a cluster of plastic floats. Otherwise works the same as the side float fill valve, although the position of the float is somewhat different. Thanks to a more compact layout, interference between the float and other obstacles (tank insulation, relief valves, etc.) is greatly reduced, thus increasing reliability. The concentric float fill valve is also designed to automatically alert the user of a leak in the tank, making a much louder noise in the event of a leak than the old side float inlet valve, which tends to be as quiet when there is a slow leak.

Newer inlet valves have a delayed action that will not begin to fill the tank/sump until the drain/drain valve is closed, saving water.

Drain valve or drain cock[Editor]

In tanks using poppet safety valves, the outlet at the bottom of the tank is covered with a floating plug (plastic or rubber), or lid, which is held in place on a fitting (exhaust valve seat) by water pressure. The user presses a lever to flush the toilet, which lifts the flush valve from the valve seat. The valve will then float off the seat, allowing the tank to quickly empty into the bowl. When the water level drops, the floating drain valve lowers to the bottom of the tank and covers the drain pipe. This system is common in homes in North America and continental Europe. Since 2001, due to a change in regulations, this exhaust system has also been offered in the UK, where siphon-type exhaust systems were previously mandatory.[7][8]

Double dischargeVersions of this design with push buttons are widely available. They have a water level forliquid wasteand higher level forsolid waste.

In North America, newer toilets are equipped with a 3 in (76 mm) flush valve. Older toilets had a 2 in (51 mm) flush valve.[9]Larger flush valves are used on toilets that use less water, such as 6.1 L (1.6 US gal) per flush. Some have a bell inlet for faster and more efficient discharge.[Ten]

A problem with the valve type relief mechanism is that it always starts to leak after a few years of use due to valve wear, particles, etc. stuck in the valve. Usually this leak is barely noticeable but adds a significant waste of water. In the UK, between 5 and 8% of toilets (mainly dual flush valves) have been found to leak, on average between 215 and 400 liters (50 to 90 gallons) per day.[11]Although they save water on leaks, regular maintenance or the use of a leak-free flushing mechanism will maximize water savings.

The siphon discharge mechanism[Editor]

Diagram of a siphonic WC cistern

This system, invented by Albert Giblin and popularized inUK, using a reservoir similar to that used in the relief valve system above.[twelfth]This exhaust valve system is sometimes calledno armssystem, since there is no need for such a valve.

The siphon consists of a vertical pipe that connects the discharge pipe to a dome-shaped chamber inside the storage tank. A perforated disc, covered with a plate or a flexible cover, is mounted inside this cavity and is connected by a rod to the relief lever.

Pressing the lever raises the disc, pushes water through the top of the siphon into the vertical pipe and initiates a siphon flow. Water flows through the perforated disc through the lid until the tank is empty, at which point air enters the siphon and discharge stops.
The advantage of a siphon over a relief valve is that it has no sealWashing machinecan wear out and cause leaks, while other types of valves – relief valves, drain valves always leak after a few years of use and they have reduced their ability to save water because the valve is not not maintained in practice. The siphon membrane should be replaced from time to time.

Until 1 January 2001 the use of siphon type traps was mandatory in the UK.[13]but after this date additional regulations allow pressure vessels and pressure relief valves (although the latter are still prohibited indoors). Siphons can sometimes be more difficult to use than a “flap” based relief valve because moving the lever requires more torque than a flapper system. This extra torque is necessary because a certain amount of water must be lifted up the path of the siphon to trigger the operation of the siphon in the tank. Pulling out or jamming the flexible cover covering the perforated disc can cause the tank to malfunction.

Dual flush versions of the siphon tank provide a shorter drain option by allowing air in the siphon to stop siphon operation before the tank is empty.

The siphon system can also be combined with an air box to allow the installation of several siphons in onewater reservoir.

Pressure-assisted or high-pressure vessel[Editor]

water pressure

Pressure-assisted toilets are sometimes found in private facilities (single-family, multi-family) as well as light commercial facilities (like offices). Some companies’ products use 1.4 US gallons (5.3 L) to 1.0 US gallons (3.8 L) per flush.

The mechanism consists of a plastic tank hidden inside a typical porcelain tank or an exposed metal tank/sump.[14]When the tank is filled with water, the air trapped inside is compressed. When the air pressure inside the plastic tank reaches a certain level, the tank stops filling with water. A high-pressure valve in the middle of the tank keeps air and water inside until the user flushes the toilet.[15]

While flushing, the user will activate the valve via a button or lever, which will discharge pressurized water into the tank at a much higher rate than a conventional flush toilet. One of the advantages is less water consumption than a self-flushing toilet, or more efficient with a similar amount of water. As a result, the toilets are not prone to clogging like toilets using a non-pressurized mechanism.

However, there are financial and security drawbacks. These toilets are generally more expensive to purchase and the plastic bowls need to be replaced approximately every 10 years. They are also quieter than other models. Additionally, pressure-assisted tanks have been known to explode, causing serious injury and property damage, resulting in a major recall of over 1.4 million tanks as of 2012. The deck is equipped with a tank.[16][17]Metal tanks/reservoirs in contact with Griffon have never exploded and do not need to be replaced frequently. It has a variable control lever that discharges water from 0 to 8 liters (0 to 2 gallons).

Some newer toilets use similar pressure-assist technology, along with bowls and drains designed to improve the siphoning effect; they only use 0.8 US gallons (3.0 L) per flush, or 0.5 US gallons (1.9 L) / 0.95 US gallons (3.6 L) for dual flushes.[18]This design is also much quieter than other pressure-assisted or flush toilets.

Tilting bucket valve[Editor]

Several types of inclined bucket tanks have been developed.[19]In the tank is placed a tipping bucket with its axis aligned or perpendicular to the tank. They have a lever that is turned to empty the bucket allowing multiple flushes. Usually the amount of water is indicated on the tank and, depending on the performance of the bowl, a double flush can be obtained, for example 3/6, 3/4.5, 3/3, 1/2 liter, etc Use a normal or slow acting inlet valve.

Tankless model with high pressure valve (flushometer)[Editor]


In 1906,William Sloanoffers for the first time its “flushometer” style flush valve, incorporating its patented design.[20]This design turned out to be very popular and effective, and remains so to this day. Flush toilet flush valves are still commonly installed in commercial restrooms and are commonly used for toilet bowls and urinals. Since they have no reservoir, they have no refill time and can be reused immediately. They are easily identified by their distinctive chrome piping and lack of toilet bowls or water tanks no matter where they are worked.

Some flush valve designs require the user to pull a lever or press a button, which opensvalveAllows pressurized primary water to flow directly into the toilet or urinal. Other models of flowmeters are electronically operated, using an infrared sensor to initiate the flushing process. Normally on electronically activated models an override button is provided in case the user wishes to manually activate the discharge mode sooner. Some electronically controlled models also incorporate a mechanical manual override which can actually be used in the event of an electronic system failure. In upgrade settings, a stand-alone wired or battery-powered device can be added to an existing manual flash meter to automatically discharge when the user leaves.

Once the flush valve has been flushed and after a pre-set period of time, the flush mechanism closes the valve and stops the flow. The flushing system does not require a tank, but uses a high flow of water for a very short duration. Like that3⁄4A minimum of 22 mm (inch) pipe should be used, or preferably a 29 mm (1 inch) tube. Primary water pressure must be greater than 30 pounds per square inch (2.1 bar). The higher water pressure used by the flush valve flushes the bowl more efficiently than with a gravity system, and less clogging generally occurs due to this higher water pressure. Flow meter systems require about the same amount of water as the gravity system to operate (1.6 gpf).

bowl design[Editor]

Illustration of four common types of WC pan.

The “bowl” or “bowl” of the toilet is where body waste is stored. A toilet is usually made ofceramic, but can sometimes be stainless steel or composite plastic. The toilet bowl is mounted in one of three basic ways: floor mounted (pedestal), wall mount (cantilever coin mechanism), or on the ground (Squat).

In the bowl, there are three main water pipe design systems: the system with suction traps (found primarily in residential installations in North America and light commercial properties in North America) , the system with non-aspirated jammers (found in most other installations), and the valve cabinet systems (found in trains, passenger planes, buses and other facilities around the world). Old-fashioned toilets known as “wash-out” toilets are now only found in a few places.

siphon bowl[Editor]

Single Trap Siphonic Toilet Seat[Editor]

Diagram of a siphonic toilet.

The siphonic toilet, also known as a “siphon jet” and “siphon wash”, is perhaps the most popular design in North America for light commercial and residential toilet installations. All siphonic toilets have an “S” shaped water line.

Standing water in the bowl acts as a barrierdrainage gascomes out of the drain through the drain, and is also a place to store waste. Drain gas escapes through a separate vent pipe attached to the drain line. The water in the toilet bowl is connected to the drain by an elongated “S” shaped drain pipe that curves around the back of the bowl and into the drain. The channel section behind the bowl is arranged like asiphontube whose length is greater than the depth of the water in the bowl. The angled end of the hose limits the height of water in the bowl before it flows down the drain. The water pipes in these toilets are designed with a slightly smaller diameter than a non-trapped toilet, so the water pipe will naturally fill with water each time the water is flushed, creating an action siphon.

At the top of the toilet there is a rim with many angled drain holes which feed water from the tank, which fills, flushes and creates a vortex in the tub when flushing. Some models use a large hole in the front of the rim to allow faster filling of the bowl. There may also be a trap hole about an inch (2.5 cm) in diameter at the bottom of the toilet trap.

If the toilet is flushed from a cistern, a large storage tank is mounted above the toilet which holds approximately 1.2 to 1.6 US gallons (4.5 to 6.1 L) of toilet water. modern design. This tank is constructed with a large 2 to 3 inch (5 to 7.5 cm) drain hole in its bottom covered with a drain valve that allows water to quickly leave the tank when the toilet flushes. is activated. . Alternatively, water can be supplied directly from a drain valve or “flow meter”.

The flow of water into the bowl quickly causes standing water to overflow into the bowl and fill the S-shaped trap that is mounted at the back of the toilet. This starts the toilet fromsiphonic action. The siphon action quickly “draws” nearly all of the water and waste into the bowl and the overflowing tank into the drain in about 4-7 seconds – flush. Once most of the water is out of the bowl, the continuous water column through the siphon is interrupted as air enters the siphon. The toilet will then emit a characteristic squealing sound when the siphoning operation is complete and there is no more water coming out of the toilet.

A “true siphonic toilet” can be easily identified by the noise it makes. If it can be heard sucking air down the drain at the end of a flush, it is a true siphon toilet. If there is none, it is a double septic tank or a toilet without a siphon.

If water is poured slowly into the bowl, it simply runs over the edge of the water pipe and slowly down the drain – hence the improperly flushing toilet.

After draining the water, the water tank drain valve closes or the drain valve closes; water pipes and valves connected to the water supply that fills the toilet and the toilet bowl. Then the toilet is ready for use again.

Note on this flush design: With age, the front (“flush”) beam connection at the top inlet of the toilet can slowly become clogged and (over many years) eventually lead to malfunctioning of the toilet. the toilet flush or the toilet fails to flush – despite the fact that the main bowl of the toilet drain pipe and vent are both open… A test for this is if a steam Bowl “normal” occurs when a large amount of water is poured into the bowl at a rapid rate. If the test result is positive, but compared to a normal full flush, the flow has decreased; or after a period of no flush, it is recommended to check the drain hose for a clog – this requires tightly squeezing the drain hose to restart normal flushing…instead, replace any the toilet bowl.

Siphonic double siphon toilet seat[Editor]

A double-trap siphonic WC.

Double-trap toilets are the least common and are particularly quiet when flushing. A device called an aspirator uses the flow of water in the drain pipe to draw air from the cavity between the two traps, reducing the air pressure inside and creating a trap that sucks in water and waste from the toilet bowl. Towards the end of the flushing cycle, the suction will stop soaking in water, allowing air to enter the cavity between the traps and break the trap, quietly while the flushing water will eventually fill the tank.[21][citation needed]

Non-siphonic bowl[Editor]

wash the toilet[Editor]

Lavatory toilets are the most common form of pedestal and cantilever toilets outside of the Americas.[citation needed]The bowl has a large hole at the top and lowers a water trap at the bottom. It is discharged from the top by passing the water through the rim or the discharge nozzle. The force of water flowing into the waste wash bowl through the siphon and down the drain.

Wash bowls evolved from the old “funnel” cabinets, which were simple conical bowls connected to a drain pipe. However, waste is often excreted towards the back of the toilet bowl, rather than the center, and the back of the funnels gets dirty easily. Modern sinks have a sloping back and a more gently sloped or curved front, so the water trap is off center, towards the back of the toilet. With this “eccentric cone” design, most waste ends up in the puddle at the bottom of the bowl, not on the surface of the toilet. The original purge cabinets had a large water reservoir at the bottom to minimize deposits, which required a large amount of water to clean them effectively. Modern bowls are smaller in size, reducing the amount of water needed to rinse them. however, this water area is still small compared to the water retention area of ​​a typical North American siphon bowl, making the bowl susceptible to soiling.

Washed toilets[Editor]

Back-flush toilets

Washout WC

Wash, orFlachspuler(“flush”), the toilet has a flat floor with a shallow puddle. They are evacuated by a jet of water from behind which pushes the waste into the siphon below. From there, the flow of water discharges it into the sewage system. One of the advantages of the design is that the user will not be splashed from below. Take fromStool samplealso simplified. The wash toilet has a shallow puddle for waste to be deposited in, with a clogged drain just behind this pool. Waste is cleaned from this puddle by being caught inwrap(usually a P-trap or S-trap), then pour the water from the drainpipe into the drain. The washbasin was one of the first ceramic toilet bowls invented, and since the early 1970s it can only be found in a decreasing number of localities in Europe.[citation needed]A flush toilet is a type of flush toilet that was once used mainly in Germany, Austria and France. It was patented in England by George Jennings in 1852 and remained the standard type of toilet in England throughout the 19th century.[citation needed]

Examples of this type of toilet can be found in Austria, the Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, the Netherlands and parts of Poland, although they are becoming less common.

A disadvantage of this design is that it may require more intense usecleaning broomto remove faeces that may leave marks on the shelves[citation needed]. In addition, this design has the disadvantage of creating a strong odor because the stool does not sink in water immediately after excretion. Similar designs are also found in some early toilets in the United States, with one particular brand being labeled “Grand Niagara”, as flushing the shelf creates a waterfall effect in the drain chamber.[citation needed]



SquatRoma, Italy

In many parts of Asia, people have traditionally used toiletsSquat. This applies to both male and female defecation and urination. Therefore, homes and public toilets havesquat toilet, with the toilet installed in the ground. This has the advantage of not requiring an additional toilet seat and is also more convenient for cultures where people use water to wash their genitals instead of toilet paper. However, Western-style toilets that are mounted as high as the person seated and have plastic seats are also becoming popular. Many public restrooms have both squat and seated toilets.

In Western countries, guidelines have been given in a number ofpublic toiletused by people familiar with squat toilets, on the proper use of squat toilets. This is to avoid breaking the toilet bowl or seat if someone tries to squat over the edge.[22]

The “British-Indian” design used in India allows the same toilet to be used in a sitting or squatting position.

Valve cabinet[Editor]

The valve holder has a valve or lid at the outlet of the bowl, usually with a tight seal to hold a puddle of water in the pan. When flushing, the valve opens and water from the tub quickly flows out of the toilet along the drain, carrying the waste.

The first type of toilet, valve cabinets are now rarely used for flush toilet systems. The design is more complicated than other toilets, this design is less reliable and more difficult to maintain and repair. The most common use of valve closures today is in portable cabinets for caravans, motorhomes, trains and aircraft, where the discharge fluid is recycled. This design is also used in train carriages for use in areas where waste is permitted to simply be dumped between the tracks (such flushing is generally prohibited while the train is in the station).

The simple valve closers used on most old-fashioned Russian trains, made in East Germany (Ammendorf factory, probably 1950s design), use a valve closer as the pan at the base of the bin and dump the waste directly onto the rail below. This type of toilet can only be used when the train is in transit and outside major cities. These designs are being phased out, along with older trains, and being replaced by modern vacuum systems.

british singerIan Wallacewrote and performed the humorous song “Never Do It at the Station”, which references the old fashioned railway toilets still in use in mid-20th century England. Recommended first songfrugalTravelers save money by avoidingpay for the toiletat stations, but also politely remind passengers not to use “loo” on the train when the train stops at a station.[23]

Low-flow, high-efficiency flush toilets[Editor]

Low flow toiletsDual Flush Toilets

Since 1994, there has been a significant trend towards using less water for flushing toilets. This led to the emergence oflow flow toiletlocal or national design and standards forwater consumptionto drain the water. Instead, some people modify existing high-flow toilets to use less water by placing a brick or bottle of water in the toilet’s water tank.[24]Other modifications are usually made to the water system itself (e.g. usinggray water), or a system that pollutes less water, to use water more efficiently.

Urinary redirectionFlush toilets, developed in Sweden, save water by using less or no water to flush urine compared to around six liters for a faecal flush.

American standards for new toilets[Editor]

Pre-1994 and pre-1997 commercial toilets in the United States typically used 3.4 US gallons (13 L) of water per flush (gpf or lpf). theCongress of the United States of Americathe pastEnergy Policy Act of 1992, which indicates that since 1994, flush toilets use only 1.6 US gallons (6.1 L).[25]In response to the law, manufacturers producedlow flowtoilets, which many consumers dislike because they often require more than one flush to remove solids. Those dissatisfied with the poor performance of low-flow toilets have sought to drive across the border to Canada or Mexico or buyrescuetoilets in old buildings.[26]Manufacturers responded to consumer complaints by improving toilets. Innovative products are often identified ashigh efficiency toiletor HET. HETs have an effective discharge volume of 1.3 US gallons (4.9 L) or less.[27]They canonce the toilet flushesWheredouble discharge. Dual flush toilets allow you to choose between different volumes of water for solid or liquid waste.[28]Some HETs arepressure support(WhereSupportWherewith pump holderWherevacuum support).

The performance of a flush toilet can be assessed using a Maximum Efficiency (MaP) score. The lowest point of the MaP score is 250 (250 grams of simulated feces). The highest MaP score is 1000. The toilets have a MaP score of 1000, providing trouble-free service. It will remove all waste in one flush; it must not be plugged in; it must not contain any smell; It should be easy to clean. United StatesI have to go to school every dayuse a MaP score of 350 as the minimum performance threshold for the HET.[27]1.6 gpf toilet bowls are also sometimes referred to as Ultra Low Flow (ULF).

Methods used to compensate for the shortcomings of low-flow toilets include the use of thinner toilet paper,[29]and manually add the cup of water to the bowl.[30]

Maintenance and cleaning[Editor]


If a blockage occurs, it is usually the result of trying to flush inappropriate items, or stool size which usually increases with age, or excess toilet paper.[thirty one]Obstruction may occur spontaneously due tolimestonea blockage in the drain line or an overload of the fecal capacity of the toilet. Stool capacity varies by toilet design and is based on the size of the drain line, the capacity of the water tank, the rate of discharge, and the method by which water attempts to flush the bowl. Stool size and consistency is a difficult contributing factor to predict.

In some countries, blockages have become more common due to regulations requiring the use of small, low-flow toilets in an attempt to save water.[citation needed]Designs that increase discharge speed or improve travel path can improve low-flow reliability.

A partial clog is particularly insidious, as it is often not detected immediately, but only later by an unsuspecting user attempting to flush the fully drained toilet. A spillage of water mixed with manure may then occur, depending on the volume of the bowl, the capacity of the tank and the degree of clogging. For this reason, rooms with flush toilets can be designed aswet room, with a secondfloor drain, and oneshower headCapable of reaching the entire floor surface. Common ways to overcome congestion include usingtoilet plunger,drain cleaner, or oneplumber snake.



A toiletfeather”is the dispersion of microscopic particles caused by flushing toilets. Healthy people who use toilets are not normally considered to pose a major health risk.[32]There is indirect evidence that specific pathogens such asnorovirus[33][34]WhereCoronavirus SARS[35]can be spread by toilet spray, but as of 2015 there are no direct experimental studies that clearly demonstrate or disprove actual disease transmission from toilet spray.[36][37]It has been hypothesized that the dispersal of pathogens could be reduced by closingtoilet lidbefore flushing and using toilets with lower flushing energy.[36][38]


History of water supply and sanitation

Modern flush toilet system[Editor]

Romanancient ostia

Housesteads Roman Fort

Rinse water typesbathroomturned out to exist sincenew stone. England’s oldest Neolithic village, dating from around the 31st century BC,Skara Brae,Orkney, used a form of hydraulic technology toEnvironmental sanitation.[39][40][41][42][43][44]The village design uses a stream and a connected drainage system to wash away waste.

The Mesopotamians introduced the world to clay drainpipes around 4000 BC. J.-C., the first examples being in the temple of Bel inNippurand toEshnunna,[45]used to evacuate waste water from areas and capture rainwater, in wells. City ofUrukrecords the earliest known examples of brick constructionBathroom, both pedestal and pedestal, from 3200 BC.[forty six][47]Clay pipes were then used inHittitecity ​​ofhattusa.[48]They have segments that can be easily removed and replaced and are hygienic.

2nd millennium BCMinoan civilizationdeveloped toilets with removable plinths, with examples unearthed atKnossosandAkrotiri.[49][50]

Communitybathroomwas used transparentlyRoman Empire, fed from the main or auxiliary sewer, from the 1st to the 5th century AD. A very well preserved example are the latrinesHousesaboveHadrian’s WallUK. These toilets do not flush in the modern sense, but have a constant stream of water to wash away waste. With the fall of the Western Roman Empire, these communal toilet systems fell into disuse in Western Europe, although they continued in the Eastern Byzantine Roman Empire, with renewed toilet pipe records and the sewage system repaired.[51]

insideIslamic worldduring this timeThe Islamic Golden Age(8th – 14th centuries), cities with flat toilets are connected towater supplyandwaste treatment drainsystems. City ofFustatin Egypt, for example, there are several floorshiringbuildings (up to six floors) with flat toilets, connected to awater supply system, andIndexon each floor transport the waste to underground channels.[52]

The development of modern flush toilets[Editor]

alexander cummingWebbing

1596Mr. John Harington(1561-1612) publishedA new talk on an old topic, called the Ajax Makeover, describing the ancestor of the modern toilets installed at his home inKelstoninSomerset.[53]The design has a drain valve to drain water from the tank and a flush design to empty the bowl. He installed one for his godmotherQueen Elizabeth IinRichmond Palace.

With the start ofIndustrial Revolutionand related technological advancements, flush toilets began to appear in their modern form. An important advance in plumbing isWebbing, invented by a Scottish mechanicalexander cummingin 1775, and is still in use today.[54]This device uses standing water to seal the toilet bowl drain, preventing foul gases from escaping the drain.[54]His design featured a sliding valve in the mouth of the bowl above the trap. Two years later, Samuel Prosser applied for a British patent for a “piston cabinet”.

Joseph Bramah

Prolific inventorJoseph Bramahbegan his professional career installing cisterns (toilets) based on a design patented by Alexander Cumming in 1775. He noticed that the design was now being installed in houses. London houses tend to freeze in cold weather. Working with Mr. Allen, he improved the design by replacing the conventional slide valve with a hinged lid that sealed the bottom of the bowl.

He also developed a float valve system for the dump tank. Having received a patent for it in 1778, he began to build toilets in a workshop in the Rue du Denmark,Saint-Gilles.[55]This design is believed to be the first practical non-manufactured flush toilet, and production continued until the 19th century, being used primarily on boats.Thomas Bowdich, a British tourist, visitedKumasi, The capital ofThe Ashanti Empirein 1817 and mentions that most houses in the city, especially those near the king’s palace, had indoor toilets flushed with liters of boiling water.[56]

Industrial production[Editor]

Thomas William TwyfordWhat a great exhibit

It was not until the mid-19th century, with increasing urbanization and industrial prosperity, that the flush toilet became a widely used and commercialized invention. This period coincides with the dramatic periodgrow in the sewage system, especially inLondon, which made flush toilets particularly attractive for health and hygiene reasons.

George Jenningsfounded a business producing toilets, salt-glazed drains, sanitary pipes and sanitary wares at Parkstone Pottery in the 1840s, where he popularized the flush toilet among the middle class. InGreat exhibitioninHyde ParkHeld from May 1 to October 15, 1851, George Jennings set up his Monkey Safe in the retreat rooms ofcrystal palace. These are the first to be made publicpay for the toilet(the free ones didn’t come out until later), and they caused a lot of excitement. During the exhibition, 827,280 visitors paid a penny to use them; for a penny they have a clean seat, a towel, a comb and ashoe shine. “Spend a dime” has become aeuphemism, to go to the toilet.[57][58][59]

George Jennings

When the exhibition ends and moves tosydney, the toilets had to be closed. However, Jennings convinced organizers to let them open and the toilets continue to bring in over £1,000 a year. He opened the first underground utility inRoyal Exchangein 1854. He received a patent in 1852 for an improved water cabinet in which the pan and siphon were constructed so that a small amount of water was always retained in the pan. , in addition to that in the siphon form the water junction. He also improved the construction of the valves, the siphon, the pump link and the pump body. Around the end of the 1850sbuilding lawsuggested that most new middle-class homes in British cities already had toilets.

Another pioneer producer isThomas William Twyford, who invented the one-piece porcelain toilet.[60]The 1870s proved to be a defining period for the sanitary and toilet industry; The debate between the simple off-road water tank and the highly complex, intricate and expensive mechanical toilet will be subject to public scrutiny and expert opinion.[60]In 1875 the siphon “flushing” toilet cubicle was first sold and was considered the public’s preference for basin toilet cubicles. By 1879, Twyford had invented his own “flushing” siphon lavatory; he named it “National”, and it became the most popular laundry cabinet.[60]

Thomas Crapper

In the 1880s toilets without compartments were sold and quickly became popular; stagnant water cabinets can be cleaned more easily and thus become a more hygienic water reservoir. Twyford’s “Unitas” model was independently built and entirely in terracotta. During the 1880s, he took out additional patents to improve the rim and the exhaust outlet. Finally, in 1888, he filed a protection patent for his “after discharge” chamber; device that allows the tank to be filled with a lower supply of fresh water after the water tank has been emptied.[sixty-one]The modern “flush” toilet was demonstrated by Frederick Humpherson of Beaufort Works,chelsea, England in 1885.[62]

Major companies of this period published catalogs, established showrooms in department stores, and marketed their wares worldwide. Twyford has toilet showrooms atBerlin, Germany;sydney, Australia; andThe cap, South Africa. thePublic Health Act 1875established strict guidelines for sewers, drainage, water supply, and toilets, and implicitly endorsed government approvals to well-known toilet manufacturers of the time.

Contrary to popular legend, Mr.Thomas Crapperdid not invent the flush toilet. However, he was an industry leader at the end of the 19th century and held 9 patents, 3 of which were for toilet innovations such asFlying. Its flush toilets were designed by inventor Albert Giblin, who received a British patent for “Silent Valveless Water Waste Preventer”, a siphon flushing system.[63]Crapper popularized the siphon system for emptying the tank, replacing the old float valve system which was prone to leaks.[sixty-four][63][65]

Disseminate and further develop[Editor]

Although flush toilets first appeared in the UK, they quickly spread toContinent. The first examples of this type could be the three “water-closets” installed in the new banker’s townhouse.Nicholas August Andresenmore than 6 Kirkegate inChristianity, covered in January 1859. The toilet was probably imported from England, as it is designated by the English term “water closet” in the insurance register. Another original continental European toilet, dating from 1860, was imported from England for installation in the rooms ofqueen victoriainEhrenburg Palace(Coburg, Germany); she is the only one authorized to use it.

In the United States, indoor toilets with chains were introduced in the homes of the wealthy and in hotels, soon after their invention in England in the 1880s. Flush toilets were introduced in the 1890s.William Elvis SloaninventThermometerin 1906, using pressurized water directly from the supply line for faster recycling times between flushes. Flush valves are still used in public restrooms around the world today. The whirlpool toilet, which creates a self-cleaning effect, was invented by Thomas MacAvity Stewart ofSaint John, New Brunswickin 1907.[66] Philippe HassTo belong toDayton,Ohio, produced a number of important developments, including a flush toilet with multiple water jets from a rim and a flush and recirculation mechanism similar to that used today.

CompanyCaromain Australia developed the Duoset tank withtwo buttons and two discharge volumeas a water saving measure in 1980. Modern versions of Duoset are now available worldwide and save households an average of 67% of their normal water consumption.[sixty seven]


The body of the toilet bowl is usually made from glassware, which begins with an aqueous suspension of various minerals calledfail. About 20 kg (44 lb) of slide is needed to make a toilet.[citation needed]

This slip is poured into the space betweenplaster of pariscasting mould. The toilet bowl, rim, tub and lid require separate molds. The molds are assembled and set up for filling and the slotted molds will remain for approximately one hour after filling. This allows the plaster mold to absorb moisture from the slip, making it semi-solid next to the mold surface but leaving it more liquid on the mold surface. Workers then remove the plugs to allow excess liquid to drain from the mold cavity (this excess slip is recycled for later use). The drain slide leaves voids inside the fixture, using less material to keep it lighter and easier to pull.furnace. This molding process allows the formation of complex internal discharge lines inside the device; The culvert voids are dumped down the slide.

At this point, the unmolded toilet bowl parts look like soft clay. After about an hour, the upper core mold (inside the toilet) is removed. The bottom of the rim mold (including where to mount the barrel holder) is removed, and then it has angled holes suitable for cutting the wash jets, and mounting holes for the barrel and saddle are drilled in the rim piece. Valve holes allowing water to enter the toilet are quickly cut into rim pieces. The top of the bowl is then covered with a thick slide and the rim which remains unprotected is fixed to the top of the bowl so that the bowl and the hollow rim no longer form a single piece. The bowl and rim are then reversed and the toilet bowl is placed upside down on the top rim mold to hold the parts together while they dry. Then all the remaining parts of the mold are removed. As the layer of clay dries, it hardens and continues to shrink. After a few hours, the cast pays for itself and is calledgreen clothes.

Once the mold is removed, the worker uses hand tools and sponges to smooth the edges and surfaces of the ceramic, and remove any seams or roughness from the mould: this process is called “grabbing” the mould”. large-scale productions, these steps can be automated.The components are then left outside or placed in a warm room to dry, before being run through a dryer at approximately 93°C (199°F), for about 20 to 36 hours.[68]

Once the surfaces are smoothed, the bowl and tank are sprayedIce cream on the cakeof different types to obtain different colors. This glaze is designed to shrink and shrink at the same rate as green utensils when fired. After being glazed, the toilets, cisterns and lids are stacked on a conveyor belt or “car” slowly passing through a large oven to be glazed.Licensed. The band slowly moves the glazed green through the tunnel kiln, which has different temperature zones, starting at around 200°C (392°F) at the front, increasing towards the middle to over 1,200°C (2 190°F) degrees, and comes out at around 90°C (194°F). When fired in the kiln, the blue and enamel are vitrified into a solid unit of finished product. The kiln process will set the glazed green in approximately 23-40 hours.

After the pieces are removed from the kiln and completely cooled, they are examined for cracks or other defects. The flushing mechanism can then be installed on a one-piece toilet. On two-piece toilets with separate tanks, the flush mechanism can only be placed in the tank, with the final assembly installed.

A two-part accessorytoilet seat and lidUsually mounted on the bowl to allow the toilet to be covered when not in use and for seating comfort. Seats can be factory installed or components can be sold separately and assembled by a distributor or plumbing installer.[68]

Use water[Editor]

The amount of water used by conventional flush toilets often represents a significant portion of an individual’s daily water use: for example, 5 10-litre flushes per day uses 50 liters (13 US gal ).

Modern low-flush toilet designs allow much less water to be used per flush, 4.5 to 6 liters (1.2 to 1.6 US gal) per flush.[citation needed]

Dual flush toilets allow the user to choose between flushing urine or feces, resulting in significant water savings compared to conventional fixtures. Dual flushing can be done by pushing the discharge handle up or down,[69]or a two-segment flush button can be used, pressing the smaller segment releases less water.

Rinse with non-potable water[Editor]

Raw water discharge, including seawater discharge, is a methodwater conservation, orthe water, likesea ​​water, used for flush toilets. Such systems are used in places such as most cities and towns in Hong Kong (seewater supply and sanitation in Hong Kong),[70] Gibraltar, andAvalon, California, UNITED STATES.[citation needed] Chief (on board)usually rinsed withsea ​​water.

Flush toilets may, if damaged, usegray water(water previously used for washing dishes, laundry and bathing) for rinsing instead of potableclean water.


Toilet nameToilet (room) Name


The word “toilet” originally meant “laundry room”, which has nothing to do with sanitary facilities. The original indoor toilets were calledgardenersbecause they are used to store clothes, because of the smell ofammoniahas been found to deter fleas and moths. However alean-towas common until the 19th century, and only a few affluent homes and luxury hotels had indoor toilets connected to drains and sewers. Neat “chamber pots”, stored in specially designed bedside tables and used by women and wounded soldiers in the bedrooms, and portable bathtubs, which can be emptied and rinsed in one golean-to.

Since the 16th century in England, a private room (cabinet) with a flush toilet has been called a Water Cabinet (“WC”), as opposed to Earth Cabinet (“EC”), an abbreviation still used today. . sell cabins.[citation needed]

Descriptive terms “wardrobe with laundry compartment” or “wc”[71]did not reach the United States until the 1880s. By 1890, the public had become aware of potentially infectious disease and human waste.[sixty seven]

In common usage in North America, a “bathroom” now always contains a toilet, but usually no bathtub, confusing outsiders. In the UK, Australia and New Zealand, “Bathroom”or bathroom refers to a room with a fixed bath and not necessarily a toilet. The terms “bathroom” and “toilet” or “toilet” (among other abbreviations) refer to separate functions, although bathrooms baths can often include toilets.

The term “water-closet”, now rarely used outside the United States, refers to a room that has both a toilet and other plumbing fixtures such as a sink or tub. The American numbering and coding system uses the term “water closet” or “WC” to distinguish toilets fromurinal.

Many European languages ​​refer to toilets as “water” or “WC”. theDictionary of the Royal Spanish Academyadopted “bevel” as the name for the toilet or bathroom, which is derived from the British term “water closet”. French uses the expressiongo to the waters(“to go to the water”) comes from “water closet” and “w.-c.”pronounce[]. Likewise the word “veceu” in Romanianpronounce[vetʃeu], derived from a shortened version of the acronym. In German, the expression “Klo” (first syllable of “Klosett”) is used in conjunction with “WC”. In the Italian toiletspronounce[vutˈtʃi]Where[vitˈtʃi], and water”[ˈVate], are very common terms for toilet flushes.

Society and culture[Editor]

Vortex Direction Mythology[Editor]

A common misconception is that when flushing, toilet water will swirl in one direction if the toilet is north of the equator and in the opposite direction if it is south of the equator.The Coriolis effect- generally, counterclockwise in the northern hemisphere and counterclockwise in the southern hemisphere. In practice, the direction of the water is determined more by the direction in which the coronal rays of the bowl are directed, and it can be done in both directions in both hemispheres by redirecting the coronal rays when producing at the export. At the bath and toilet scale, the Coriolis effect is too weak to be observed except under carefully controlled laboratory conditions.[72]


Since the 1990s, the slang term “polite flushing” has referred to toilet flushing during defecation aspolishedother toilet users or other inmates in the cell.[seventy three]A polished toilet can help reduce odors and mask noise.[74]

see more[Editor]

  • Toilets in Japan
  • Thomas Maddock
  • , launched the American indoor toilet industry


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Popular questions about how to flush toilet

how to flush toilet?

Fill a bucket with at least one gallon of water. Begin by pouring the water into the bowl, slowly at the beginning while gradually speeding up and dump the remainder of the water into the bowl. If done correctly, the water should push the waste in the toilet through the pipes, and your toilet will flush.

What is the proper way to flush a toilet?

What do you do when your toilet won’t flush?

The toilet doesn’t flush:
  1. Check the flush handle and adjust as needed if it’s too loose or too tight. …
  2. Check the flush lever lift arm and adjust or replace as needed. …
  3. Check the lift chain and make sure it’s properly attached to the lift arm and the flapper at the base of the flush valve.

Can I manually flush a toilet?

Fill a bucket with at least one gallon of water. Begin by pouring the water into the bowl, slowly at the beginning while gradually speeding up and dump the remainder of the water into the bowl. If done correctly, the water should push the waste in the toilet through the pipes, and your toilet will flush.

How do you manually flush an automatic toilet?

You can activate a flush by holding the palm of your hand up to the sensor for a few seconds before taking it away. Or place a piece of toilet paper over the the sensor and remove it once you’re finished.

Why won’t my toilet flush but isn’t clogged?

If your toilet is not clogged but won’t flush all the way, it is a sign that that the siphon jet and rim holes are clogged, or the level of water inside the tank is too low. The problem could also be caused by a bent/warped flush valve, slack lift chain or a poorly designed drainpipe.

Why won’t my toilet flush no water in tank?

No Water in Toilet Tank

If there’s no water in the toilet tank, make sure the water supply valve is fully turned to the open position and check the water supply line for leaks. Make sure there’s no problem with the water supply to the bathroom or rest of the house.

Can you flush poop with a bucket of water?

Use a bucket of water (or two) to flush the toilet. You need to obtain at least a gallon of water to pour directly into the toilet bowl. It doesn’t matter where you find the water, whether it’s from water bottles or a friendly neighbor who can lend you some of theirs.

How much water does it take to manually flush a toilet?

1.6 gallons
Although toilets all look pretty much alike, the amount of water released by flushing varies widely from one toilet to another. Generally speaking, the older the toilet, the more water it uses. Toilets built before 1982 use 5 to 7 gallons per flush. Now, toilets are designed to flush using only 1.6 gallons of water.

Can you flush the toilet with no water?

As long as the toilet bowl is full, you should have enough water for one more flush–but what happens if the toilet bowl isn’t full? Fortunately, as long as you have another source of water, you’ll still be able to flush your toilet. You’ll need at least one gallon per flush.

Why is my toilet filling up with water when I flush?

If water is rising in the bowl immediately after you’ve already flushed, that means a clog is blocking the water from moving through the toilet drain. If you flush again, there will be even more water that’s unable to make it past the clog, and you’ll end up with even more flooding from the toilet bowl.

How do you increase flush pressure?

Can you pour water into toilet tank?

Step 2: Pour Water into the Toilet Bowl

Fortunately, flushing your toilet is easier than you may think. Simply fill the toilet tank with water until it reaches the top of the overflow tube. You can then flush your toilet with the flush handle as you normally would.

How many times can you flush the toilet without power?

You have standard gravity-flush toilets. They aren’t directly affected when the power goes out, provided water is still flowing and your waste system doesn’t rely on electricity. As long as the water disappears down the drain and the tank refills, there’s no reason not to flush.

What happens if you flush the toilet while the shower is on?

The Toilet Flush

When the toilet flushes while you’re showering, the toilet demands a load of cold water, and because it shares a cold water line with the shower, the shower temporarily loses pressure from the cold water line. Without the cold water to temper the hot, the shower can become uncomfortably hot.

Video tutorials about how to flush toilet

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Pebbles present How Devices Work in 3D Animation. How Stuff Works with 3D Animation and Excellent Voice Over.

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Welcome to Humdrum Video! Your home for short, boring, and purposeless video! Ahhh… the flushing of a toilet. This one has a lot of power. I wrote a book that has nothing to do with flushing a toilet. Check it out:


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In this video, I show you how to flush a toilet properly! This video was requested by a viewer, so I couldn’t wait to show you the tutorial! It is simply a matter of applying some downward force on the flush lever that is usually found on the side or front of the toilet. Once you apply the downward force, you can release the force and allow the water in the toilet bowl to flush down the drain. Some modern toilets use a two-button system that can be found on top of the toilet; it is simply a matter of pressing one of the buttons if you are dealing with a new toilet that utilizes that system!


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