Best 10 how to install floor joist cross bracing

Below is the best information and knowledge about how to install floor joist cross bracing compiled and compiled by the team, along with other related topics such as:: can i remove floor joist cross bracing, how to cut floor joist bridging, floor joist cross bridging, joist braces lowe’s, joist cross brace calculator, floor joist blocking, floor joist cross bracing menards, floor joist blocking vs bridging.

how to install floor joist cross bracing

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Floor Joist Cross Bracing

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  • Summary: Articles about Floor Joist Cross Bracing For a new home, you’ll want to install cross braces during the construction of …

  • Match the search results: As earlier mentioned, your metal braces for bridging should be placed at one-third intervals within the span of your floor joists. Therefore, for floor joists that are centered 12-inches apart, you’ll want to install bridging at the four-inch and eight-inch mark. Note, however, that most commerciall…

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Floor Joist Cross Bracing |

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  • Summary: Articles about Floor Joist Cross Bracing | Cross braces may be installed during the construction process or added to older homes, and it involves nailing small wooden braces from the top …

  • Match the search results: Providing more support and rigidity than cross bracing, solid blocking is a reasonable alternative but can be an obstacle for running plumbing pipes and electrical wire between floor joists. Solid blocking should be used where floor joists overlap over beams. It should be placed at eight-foot interv…

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Quick Answer: How To Install Floor Joist Cross-Bracing

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  • Summary: Articles about Quick Answer: How To Install Floor Joist Cross-Bracing Straight line bracing is the most straightforward floor joist bracing method available. To straight line brace your floor joists, first examine your existing …

  • Match the search results: “Sistering” the joists means to fasten the joists together through the face to double the thickness of the framing. My approach was to install a new joist next to it, resting one end 3 inches onto the mid-span beam and installing a joist hanger on the other side. I would sister the two together with…

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How to Stiffen a Floor with Bridging – The Family Handyman

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  • Summary: Articles about How to Stiffen a Floor with Bridging – The Family Handyman Take the bounce out with diagonal metal braces … To install the type shown here, drive the toothed end into the joist and nail the other …

  • Match the search results: Various types of metal bridging are available at home centers and lumberyards. To install the type shown here, drive the toothed end into the joist and nail the other end. Adding two rows of bridging costs a few dollars per joist. Other versions are just as easy to install and inexpensive. Measure t…

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How to Brace Your Floor Studs – Home Guides

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  • Summary: Articles about How to Brace Your Floor Studs – Home Guides How to Brace Your Floor Studs. Residential building code requires the use of cross bracing or blocking for floor joists exceeding 2 inches by 12 inches, …

  • Match the search results: Writers at Floor Techie suggest that you look at your floor joists before tackling the project, so you can determine the best way to brace them. Some homeowners use simple floor joist blocking that consists of supports installed between two parallel joists, which are then nailed into place, either s…

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Cross Bracing Floor Joists –

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  • Summary: Articles about Cross Bracing Floor Joists – Cross bracing floor joists, or cross bridging, is commonly done for stiffening up floors. Cross bracing helps to transfer heavy loads between adjacent floor …

  • Match the search results: Today prefabricated metal cross braces are commonly used. Cross bracing floor joists should be done prior to the installation of the subfloor. By doing so, you can make sure that the floor joists maintain proper spacing over their full spans.

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20 years later, does it matter if the joist bridging was installed …

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  • Summary: Articles about 20 years later, does it matter if the joist bridging was installed … A: Joist bridging is the right term for bracing between floor joists, … Some manufacturers offer single-piece cross bracing that has the X …

  • Match the search results: Hewitt said solid bridging is usually simpler to add once flooring is in place. If you choose this approach, buy lumber the same thickness and depth as the joists and cut it into sections that fit snugly between joists. Measure as you go in case the spacing varies a bit from joist to joist. Angle th…

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Wood cross bracing install, floor already in place. – DIY Home …

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  • Summary: Articles about Wood cross bracing install, floor already in place. – DIY Home … Joists are 2 x 8, 11.5′ by the way. My joists are currently all cross braced with 1 x 3 wood bracing and at least that part was done well, …

  • Match the search results: If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices.

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How do you install bridging in floor joists? – Firstlawcomic

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  • Summary: Articles about How do you install bridging in floor joists? – Firstlawcomic Solid blocking should be used where floor joists … If this is the case, no amount of bracing will …

  • Match the search results: Cross-bridging is a special way to join floor joists to prevent them from warping. The floor joists are the long thick boards you usually can see on your basement ceiling that run diagonally across the floor under the plywood. Cross-bridging is one of the most effective ways to prevent them from war…

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How do you cross brace joists? |

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  • Summary: Articles about How do you cross brace joists? | Residential building code requires the use of cross bracing or blocking for floor joists exceeding 2 inches by 12 inches, but many homes, …

  • Match the search results: One may also ask, how do you cross bridge floor joists? When cross bridging is used, wood or metal, the upper portion of the bridge is nailed into the top of the floor joist, if it is metal. If it is wood it is nailed to the upper top of the side of the floor joist before the floor or sub-floor is …

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Multi-read content how to install floor joist cross bracing

One day I was lucky enough to see children running around and playing in my friend’s living room. Aside from the general noise and commotion, one thing that stood out was the incredible level of ground shaking. My friend also noticed and was wondering what the best possible solution was. I mentioned blocking or bridging the ground.

Bracing the deck involves taking some hardwood, usually the same size as your deck bracing, and attaching the perpendicular pieces between each pair of plywood in a straight or staggered line. A horizontal deck is also an idea, except plywood or smaller pieces of wood (2×2) are used to form an “X” between each joist instead of a single piece of hardwood.

No matter which blocking or deck style you choose, both will help stabilize your floor and reduce vibration. There are many different methods for performing bridging and blocking installations, and each has specific advantages and disadvantages that may or may not be suitable for your floor.

In this article, we will see what bridging and blocking are and how to install them in your home. We’ll also look at the pros and cons of each type of brace, as well as some do’s and don’ts, and professional advice when fitting.

Content (Go to topic)

  • What is block participation?
  • Join blocking method
  • Straight line
  • Joist blocking distance
  • What is Joist Deck Flooring?
  • Types of bridges
  • Solid wood deck
  • The distance between the span of the bridge connecting the floor
  • Is blocking (or transitioning) mandatory for ground participants?
  • How to place the block between the joists
  • Determine where to place blocks Measure dimensions of participants Measure between participants Remove obstacles if possible Cut blocks Quickly block between participants
  • How to install the bridge between the joists
  • Determine where to install the bridge Determine the type of bridge to install Cut the bridge to size Connect quickly between couplers
  • Joist Blocking vs. Decking – Which is Better?

Floor Joist Blocking

What is block participation?

Floor joists refer to strong horizontal supports installed between floor struts to evenly distribute the load placed on the floor struts. The blocks use lumber the same size as the floor bracing and are attached in a staggered or straight line at mid-span or 8′ at a time depending on the length of the bracing.

Blocks are effective in reducing ground wobble. When scrambles are unlocked or unbridged, each scrambler is much more likely to move up and down and side to side. Installing a solid wood abutment with properly sized studs distributes the load across all the braces, minimizing the movement of the braces directly under the load.

There are several different methods to block settings. Most rely on using lumber the same size as the braces themselves and mounting them between the braces in a staggered path down the middle of the bracing span, which is secured with nails.

Finally, one of the main problems with a solid block is that it often causes protrusions in the upper floors, especially if installed after the house has been built. Why? Wood block will dry at a different rate than laminate.

Often pushers dry out faster than blockers simply because they’ve been around longer. When this happens you will get a small piece of lump which can be quite uncomfortable.


  • Reduce floor price “bounces”
  • Easy to install
  • An inexpensive solution to ground motion


  • Plumbing and electrical can make installation difficult
  • May cause bump in upper floor
  • Measurements must be accurate or the blocks will not fit

Join blocking method

There are several different methods to block the flow of people jostling with hardwood: alternating and in a straight line. Ideally, you can block in a straight line, as this offers a bit more stability as the upper deck transmissions are redirected more efficiently when blocking in a straight line.

Straight line

Blocking floor joists

When blocking in a straight line, you will cut your pieces to length and start at one end. You will quickly find that it is difficult to swing the hammer between the scrambles, especially if they are 12″ or 16″ apart. Therefore, amanicureis extremely convenient. However, they are air operated, so you will also need an air compressor and a hose.

You should use nails when blocking or decking because they can resist shear much better than screws. When driving the stopper straight, you should be able to nail one end of the stopper through the tie rod. However, the other end of the block will need to be nailed – two nails pointed at a 45 degree angle on each side.

It should be noted that while straight line blocking is ideal, interleaved blocking will not result in much – if any – reduction in load deflection. However, since you’re nailing the plug in a straight line on all other faces of each stop, this results in a stronger connection than nailing both sides.


Wood blocking

Most people choose to alternate blocking their vehicle’s traffic because it is much easier and faster to drive a nail than to drive it in a straight line. If you block participants in the middle of the period, you will draw a middle line through each participant. The stopper is then fixed alternately on either side of this line.

This allows you to face the toenail of each block and avoid toenails. While closing the toenail strengthens the joint, you run the risk of cracking or tearing the ends of the plugs. It also takes longer because you will be using more nails than replacing your blocking.

Joist blocking distance

According to IRC, participant blocking is only necessary if your participants are deeper than 12″. Therefore, for most houses, you are not required to have railings or decks if you have traditional slats 2 inches thick and up to 12 inches wide as long as both ends are attached the correct way.

Note that if you have seams larger than 12″, you must block or bridge at least every 8′. For most spans, this means two rows blocking/bridging or one in the middle of the span.

If you happen to have an I-beam or an engineered beam, the code states that you must follow the manufacturer’s instructions for bridging and blocking, not the building code.

What is Joist Deck Flooring?

Floor Joist Bridging

Decking bridges use wooden or metal strips or straps to connect the braces and improve load deflection. The bypass extends throughout the joint cavity by connecting the upper part of the width of one connecting rod to the lower part of the width of the adjacent connecting rod. Many types of bridging combine two on each patch bay, creating the letter “X”.

Decks on older homes often use a “herringbone” or “X” pattern using strips of wood. There is no uniform size for wooden decks as some builders prefer 2×2 while others prefer 1×4 or even 1×2. Regardless of size, decking is an extremely effective method to protect floors from shaking.

Metal bridges are also quite common, and many current products offer “spokeless” bridge attachments. Each end has a spiked nail plate that is nailed to the top and bottom of the braces. Traditional metal decks are nailed at both ends, usually before the subfloor is installed above.

You will often hear the term “bridging” used interchangeably with “bracing”. They are not the same. Bridging refers to the general act of securing bands between tie rods to deflect loads. Braces are a type of bridging, referring specifically to the use of bridging strips in an “x” pattern between tie rods.


  • Easy to install around plumbing and electrical
  • Metal and wood bands are cheap
  • Does not cause a bump on the upper floor


  • Difficult to install after installing the subfloor above
  • Nailing smaller bridge segments can lead to separation
  • Each piece should be cut on the bias

Types of bridges

One of the main disadvantages of using deck wood between joiners is that you have to cut each piece at an angle. Although finding the angle is easier than you think, it requires more steps than you are used to for metal bridges. For this reason, many new builds use metal.

Solid wood deck

Hardwood decks are the original type of deck used in home construction. Typically, 1×2 or 1×3 strips are used to cross any bracing. Although it is difficult to find data to confirm whether 1×3 is better than 1×2, you can reasonably draw the conclusion that it might be better.

If you want to install a solid wooden deck, then 1×4 is an even better choice because you reduce the risk of cracks when using a wider piece and it’s still quite inexpensive.

The downside, as mentioned above, is that you have to jam every piece. However, every piece should be at the same angle, except maybe the first and last cavity, so all you have to do is set your saw to the correct angle and start making a few cuts.

steel bridge

Bridging Floor Joists

steel bridge

Other types of metal bridges are nailless, with a nailed plate fastening system at both ends. Like the nailed version, both ends can be bent for a perfect fit. The ends are then hammered into the braces, as one end of the strap acts as a nail plate.

A limitation to a nailless bridge is that the nail plates are not strongly connected with respect to a nail. So if the links dry out, twist, or pull apart, this type of bridge can start to pull back or sag to the point where there is no load deflection.

Synthetic wood

Composite wood deck strips work the same way as solid wood deck strips. However, the main disadvantage of these strips is that you will have to rip them to the correct width yourself.

If you have a table saw, it’s easy. You can also accomplish this with a circular saw, which is also fast but not very accurate. However, exact precision is not required for this application.

The use of plywood or OSB tape is acceptable. The thicker the tape, the better. Although a ½” strip can work, a ⅝” or ¾” strip is preferable. Yes, ¾” plywood is quite expensive. However, you will probably only need one or two.

These types of strips provide an extremely strong connection between joists. They can be single-bridged or cross-bridged and cut at an angle that is no different from solid wood.

The distance between the span of the bridge connecting the floor

IRC does not mandate a floor deck unless your floor deck is wider than 12 inches. If so, the bridge should be placed at least 8′ from the next row of bridges.

Note to this rule that all engineered beams, including I-beams of any material, must be installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions and exempt from the decking code.

Is blocking (or transitioning) mandatory for ground participants?

Blocking is not required for participants on the ground unless the participantsover 12″ deep(according to IRC).

Both ends must be blocked or glued to the rim/band connectors. If so, no blocking is required unless the width to thickness ratio of the spacer is greater than 6:1. Therefore, blocking or bridging is not required for joints 12 ×2 if attached at each end in the correct direction.

How to place the block between the joists

Installing interlink blocking requires precise measurements, as a slightly larger or smaller block will eliminate the rest of your interception measurements. However, as long as you measure correctly, the process should be very simple.

locate to block

If your links are 16′ or less, the middle block makes sense since code spacing less than 8′ is not necessary. If your links are longer than 16 feet, consider two rows of blocking at regular intervals.

Therefore, if you have 20′ participants, set your interceptions to 6′ and 14′. You will have 8′ spacing between the intercept and it will be equally spaced between each end. Sure, you can come away with a mid-range block at 10′, but many framers will tell you that all 8′ is better.

Measure the joist

Measure your participation. Many of you may just like and identify 2×8 from 2×10, but that should be measured anyway. If you have a very old house, you will need to measure. Always remember that 2×10 isn’t really 2″ x 10″ – it’s 1 ½” x 9 ¼”. You now know the type of wood you will need to buy.

Measurement between joists

Now you will need to measure between participants. To do this, measure from the center of one row to the center of the next. It will be close to 12, 16, 20 or 24. If it is 16″ or very close, then your participants are placed 16″ in the middle.

Now you can do calculations in your head. The distance between your participants will not be 16″. Subtract the actual width of the lumber from 16″ – so 16″ – 1.5″, get 14 ½”. All of your blocks will be 14.5 inches long.

Remove obstacles if possible

This step is the most difficult and time consuming. If you are installing the block in an older home, there will be all sorts of wiring, plumbing and HVAC between the connecting rods. If so, consider using bridging instead.

If there are only a few obstacles, see if you can temporarily remove them or move them, such as wires or pipes. Remember that after installing the block, you will need to reinstall everything you removed, which means you will need to drill holes in your new stop to reroute the electricity or plumbing.

Cutting wooden blocks

The most important part is to cut the block of wood correctly. Be sure to cut pieces that measure exactly 14.5 inches if you have 16 inches on the center struts, for example. If the gutters are not correct, the joints will be twisted and the wood wasted, as you will have to resharpen your other blocks.

Blocking between joists

Use 10d offset nails and drive set nails through the braces. A nail at the top and bottom is enough. Interlacing allows you to quickly nail each block without the need for nail polish.

You’ll still need to nail the last block at each end, as you won’t be able to go past the last joint at both ends. Consider using a brush nailer for nailing, as it is difficult to swing hammers into a boat bay if they are centered at 12 or 16 inches.

Pro tip:When working around HVAC ductwork, it is impractical to drill a large hole in your block to run the duct through the new block. This negates any benefit of blocking that hustler as the hole will affect its strength.

Instead, get a 2×4 and run it flat under the duct, combining the two connecting rods. Cut it to the same length as your other blocks. Fasten the nail as you would the rest of the stop.

How to install the bridge between the joists

Bridging settings are similar to blocking, but with a few key differences. First, you will need to cut the corners piece by piece. All angles should be the same and a slight over-sharp or obtuse variation always allows strips to be used.

Second, nailing the wood deck strips to the subfloor directly above makes it difficult to nail the end of the strip to the tie rod. You will need to use a thicker strip – 2 times of wood – or metal to make the bridge. Thinner lumber, such as 1×4, cannot accept nails and cannot be used with a subfloor in place.

Determine the location to install the bridge

Like blocking, bridging follows the same principle of the building code. So if your joists are 12 inches wide or less, decking is not necessary. Otherwise, you would place your bridges at least 8 feet apart.

If you have longer joists, including two equally spaced rows of decks will greatly improve the stiffness of the floor above. If your joins are 18′ long, consider setting bridges at 5′ and 13′. This creates an 8′ gap in the middle while keeping them an even 5′ either side of the participant.

Determine the type of bridge to install

The next step is to choose your bridge. If you are doing a new installation, 1×4 straps work well and are easy to cut and install without subdividing. Or, if your home is older and has an existing floor above, consider using a metal deck with nail plates, allowing you to deck without nails.

Cut the bridging at the waist

If you are using lumber or engineered wood, you will need to cut your deck to fit between the joists. There are different ways to do this, but we’ll look at an example that doesn’t require building speed or squares.

First, mark a line on the underside of a person in line where you will place your order or bridge – your midpoint. Then measure the width of your joist. Measure half of this length and mark at the bottom of the tie rod a distance equal to this distance in the middle. Then do the same under your center marker. These are your border points.

So if your mattress is 9 ¼” wide, half that length is 4 ⅝”. So you would measure 4 ⅝” above and below the center line. Now use a chalk line or something straight to create the same set of lines on the adjacent join.

You are ready to measure. Simply keep a flat strip between the two spacers, making sure the top and bottom edges of the strip line up with the top and bottom edge marks.

Each end will form an angle to the participant. Raise your hand above the tape and mark on the tape where it meets the pusher. This is your cutting angle. Do the same at the other end.

When cutting, a radial hand saw is ideal. If you don’t have one, a regular jigsaw can work if you can rotate it to get an angle. You can also buy strips, but they don’t have pre-cut corners and may not be the size you want.

Reinforcement of the connection between the joists

If you’re using a metal bridge, you’ll just have to use pliers to bend part of the bridge down to fit the gap. Palm nails work great when nailing bridges. Or you can use a metal bridge without spokes.

Use 6d or 8d nails to fill. If you are installing the deck on new flooring, only nail the top of each deck. Once the subfloor is in place, go ahead and secure the bottom of each bridge. Nailing both before installing the subfloor can cause the seams to come out.

Some contractors choose a stapler instead of a nail, using a 1 ½” stapler to install the deck. This reduces the possibility of splitting the wood and still provides an equally effective joint.

Joist Blocking vs. Decking – Which is Better?

Both types of joist reinforcement work well. There are no conclusive studies that prove one type is better than the other. Although blocking seems like the best choice due to the solid block itself, the bridge, when properly installed, is also powerful.

For new installations, blocking snakes makes more sense. You’ll have plenty of scrap left over from installing your joists, and it makes sense to use them for blocking. There will also be no obstructions in the electrical system, ducts or plumbing.

Bridges make more sense for older homes. It’s best to use a sturdy wood or metal deck with no 2×2 or 2×3 nails. This way you can avoid obstructions in the scramble bays and don’t risk creating a “bump” in your deck from dry block at a different pace than scramble block.

Whichever method you choose, make sure you do it right. Use the proper laces, measure carefully, and consider renting or borrowing a tool or tool to make your life easier, like a palm nailer or handsaw.

Popular questions about how to install floor joist cross bracing

How do you cross brace floor joists?

Cross bracing is installed diagonally in an alternating V or X pattern between each joist. As with straight line bracing, measuring, cutting and nailing may become an issue. You’ll need to be extra careful when cutting lumber on an angle.

How do you install cross bridging between joists?

Nail bridging on all joists

Start by making sure the original bridging is tightly fastened; add nails or screws if necessary. Then measure the span of the joists (the distance between walls or beams that support the joists). Divide the span by three and add rows of bridging at both of the one-third points.

What is the best way to brace floor joists?

How do you install cross bridging?

Do you need cross bracing in floor joists?

For a new home, you’ll want to install cross braces during the construction of the floor frame, to avoid the aforementioned floor problem in futures. Basically, cross-bracing your floor joists makes your wood frame floor system stiffer, consequently preventing twisting, deflection, squeaking, sagging, and bouncing.

What is cross bracing joists?

Cross bracing floor joists, or cross bridging, is commonly done for stiffening up floors. Cross bracing helps to transfer heavy loads between adjacent floor joists so that vertical deflection and twisting of them is minimized. Cross bracing floor joists also helps to prevent squeaky floors.

What does joist bridging do?

During construction, the bridging keeps joists vertical so they can’t twist out of place. After construction, for the life of the house, the bridging helps stiffen and strengthen the joists by tying them together so that some of the load on one transfers to neighboring joists.

Can I remove floor joist cross bracing?

Admittedly after they’ve fully dried out there is less risk of the floor joists twisting, however by removing them he has removed some of the floor’s stiffness. As a result, he may end up having a little more bounce on the first floor and deflection between adjacent joists under heavy loads.

What is the purpose of cross bracing?

Cross bracing is used to keep buildings stable when the wind blows and during seismic events, such as an earthquake. It also limits the building’s lateral movement, reducing the likelihood of damage to the structure’s components and cladding.

Do you need to brace joists?

According to the IRC, joist blocking is only necessary if your joists have a depth greater than 12”. Therefore, for most houses, you are not required to have blocking or bridging if you have traditional lumber joists that are 2” in thickness and up to 12” in width as long as both ends are fastened properly.

How do you brace a subfloor?

How do you strengthen a floor joist?

As incremental parts of a building’s structure, joists are not easily replaced. You can, however, strengthen the joists by securing another length of wood to the existing joist, called “sistering,” or reduce wobbly floors with block inserts between the joists, called “blocking.”

What is cross bracing floor?

Cross-bracing is the addition of diagonal reinforcement applied to any form of framework. Strips of wood, metal or other material may be used, which are crossed to form an X shape and help stiffen a frame by preventing any lateral movement.

Do floor joists need to line up with studs?

Although not a requirement, it is highly recommended that your floor joist and wall studs line up with each other. Most homes have uniform flooring, and it should not be a problem to have them lined up together since they follow the same spacing. Doing this makes it easier to work with these building components.

What is cross bridging?

Definition of cross bridging

: traverse rows of small diagonal braces or struts set in pairs and crossing each other between the timbers (as of a floor)

Video tutorials about how to install floor joist cross bracing

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keywords: #carpentry, #barn, #goats, #homestead, #build, #lumber, #farm, #bracing, #joist, #piers

Cross Bracing and Leveling the Barn Floor

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Adding in cross bracing to keep floor joists from bowing and sagging. Leveled it up on patio paver “piers”.

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